Surrogacy is the process of pregnancy carrying and a child delivery by another woman. In this case, the germ cells can be selected either from both of the spouses using this method, and from donors. There are several types of surrogacy:
- with the transfer of parents biomaterial to the surrogate mother;
- using donor ovocytes (sperm is derived from the father);
- using donor sperm (the ovocyte is derived from the mother);
- using donor ovocytes and donor sperm (the genetic material of the parents is not used).
In all cases, fertilization is performed only according to the IVF protocol.
Surrogate mother requirements
Pregnancy and delivery is an important, complex and very responsible process, with very high requirements to the surrogate mother; the list of them includes the following points:
- Age from 20 to 35 years.
- The presence of the own healthy children.
- No medical history of psychiatric diseases or deviations.
- No medical history of somatic diseases.
- No evidence of surgical interventions performed on the reproductive organs, including cesarean section.
- All pregnancies and deliveries must proceed without pathology.
- The consent of the spouse is necessary if woman is married.
It should be noted that the surrogate mother cannot be an ovocyte donor at the same time. Other conditions and requirements regarding the pregnancy and delivery management are negotiated on the individual basis and are issued in the form of a contract.
Requirements for couple
When choosing a method of infertility treatment as surrogacy, certain requirements are imposed not only to the surrogate mother, but also to the married couple. The couple should undergo a medical examination, which will confirm that they are not able to become pregnant or have a child. In addition, the couple assumes all the costs of medical support of a surrogate mother during pregnancy and subsequent delivery. Additional rights and obligations are prescribed at the contract.
Surrogacy is a procedure that is strictly regulated by the law:
- Family Code of the Russian Federation.
- Order of the Ministry of Health № 107n.
- Federal Law No. 323.
- Law on Civil Status Act No. 143.
A married couple must be familiar with all nuances and take into account all the features of this technology. It is recommended to involve a lawyer to accompany surrogacy programs in order to avoid complications at the stage of transferring the child.
What does the surrogacy program include?
After the examination, consultations of specialists and preparation for the procedure we directly transfer to the IVF process. At the first stage, it is necessary to synchronize the menstrual cycles of both women. For this purpose, the hormonal medications are prescribed in a safe dosage. Then the ovocytes are retrieved from the genetic mother and fertilized by the husband’s sperm. At this stage, for medical reasons it is allowed to use donor biomaterial (ovocytes, sperm or ready embryos). The resulted embryos are cultivated for several days and then transferred into the uterus of a surrogate mother. When the fact of pregnancy is confirmed, the gynecologist observes the surrogate mother. A baby delivered as a result of such pregnancy will be considered the child of genetic parents after registration of its birth.
Selection of a physically healthy and psychologically stable surrogate mother is difficult and very responsible; the specialists of our center will help you to cope successfully with such task. If necessary, we are also able to select a donor biomaterial suitable for parents according to their characteristics.