IVF with surrogate mother, donor ovocytes and donor sperm
The most complicated are those cases of infertility when it is impossible to get germ cells from a couple, and a woman cannot become pregnant and bear a child. However, it is possible to find a way out even from such situations with the help of modern reproductive technologies. In particular, is used the IVF with a surrogate mother and donor germ cells.
How to get donor material?
The procedure for obtaining donor germ cells is well developed. At the first stage, a strict selection of male and female donors is performed. Donors should not have genetic or any other severe diseases; they should have their own healthy children, etc. Immediately before the germ cells retrieval, examination and expert advice are appointed. The ovocytes are retrieved using ovarian puncture, which is performed under general anesthesia. The procedure is considered safe and does not affect the reproductive function. It is possible to obtain several ovocytes during the puncture. They can be used immediately, or can be frozen and stored for a very long time.
A male, before becoming a sperm donor, delivers a test sample, which is carefully examined. If it meets all requirements, the germ cells are selected to participate in the fertilization process. They are also frozen and stored in special cryobanks.
How is the process of IVF undergoes?
Before beginning of IVF with a surrogate mother, donor ovocytes and donor sperm, it is necessary to confirm that the couple really cannot conceive a child. For this purpose, a comprehensive examination with laboratory tests, instrumental diagnostics, and consultations of specialists is appointed. At the next stage is performed the selection of the surrogate mother and the germ cell donors. The process of fertilization is possible only under the IVF protocol, with a following sequence of actions:
- Preparation of germ cells and quality assessment.
- Fertilization of the ovocyte. It can be performed using ICSI technology or in a natural way.
- Cultivation of a fertilized ovocyte in special conditions.
- Assessment of the obtained embryos quality and their transfer into the surrogate mother uterus.
- Confirmation of pregnancy occurrence and regular monitoring of its course.
IVF with a surrogate mother, donor ovocytes and donor sperm is one of the most complex methods and has a large number of features that must be taken into account. Therefore, it is important to find a good specialist and strictly follow the recommendations.