Surrogacy & parent biomaterial
Surrogate maternity is the bearing and birth of a child under a contract between surrogate mother and potential parents whose germ cells were used for fertilization. This method is quite new in Russia. Before including it in the list of services of specialized clinics, a number of legislative acts were developed, which regulate the rules and the order for conducting this procedure. Today, surrogate maternity is absolutely legal, but it requires the fulfillment of certain conditions, which will be discussed below.
Features of surrogate maternity
The procedure involves three people:
- A genetic father from whom sperm is retrieved.
- A genetic mother that provides an ovocyte.
- A surrogate mother, in which the fertilized ovocyte is transferred and which will bear the unborn child.
The process of fertilization is performed only using the IVF technology in specialized clinics. Strict requirements are imposed to the surrogate mother. Age should be between 20 and 35 years, she should have her own healthy children, her medical history should not include pregnancy complications, reproductive organs surgery, and her health condition should be very good.
All conditions of the procedure are specified in the contract, which is drawn up between the genetic parents and the surrogate mother. Parties may establish rules of behavior during pregnancy, examination plan, a mode of delivery, allowance and other points. The official parents of the child will always be indicated in the official documents.
Stages of the procedure
At the first stage, our specialists recommend the examination to the genetic parents, which will confirm that they are not able to conceive a child by themselves, find out the cause of infertility and determine their state of health. The following types of tests are assigned for this:
- Sperm analysis.
- Tests for STIs.
- The level of sex hormones.
- Pelvic ultrasound.
- Cytological examination of smears, etc.
Parents can be appointed to such specialists as andrologist, reproductologist, gynecologist, etc.
If during the examination of the genetic parents and the surrogate mother there are no contraindications, then proceed to the next stage — the synchronization of the menstrual cycles of both women. It is necessary to provide that the reproductive system of both women is in the same condition, and the transplanted embryo gets into identical conditions. Hormonal medications are used to synchronize monthly cycles. Dosage and administration plan is administered on the individual basis.
At the next stage is to retrieve parents genetic material. After the ovulation stimulation under general anesthesia, the ovaries are punctured, and an ovocyte is removed from the biopsy specimen. It is fertilized with the husband's sperm and for some time the embryo is grown in a special incubator. After the doctor is convinced in the embryo viability, it is transferred into the body of a surrogate mother.
In the short term, pregnancy can be supported by medications; throughout the pregnancy, the surrogate mother is monitored by a specialist. A woman should regularly come for check-ups, tests, undergo a designated examinations and screening programs. The relationship between genetic parents and a surrogate mother ends after the moment of delivery.
This reproductive technology is not simple and has many features; therefore, experienced doctors should deal with such issues. Our clinic employs doctors with strong practical experience and knowledge necessary to prepare for surrogate maternity and subsequent delivery. Responsible approach, availability of all necessary equipment and high professionalism allow us to do our work at the highest level.